August 26, 2009

Formerly known in English as Peking, Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China and the second largest city in the country after Shanghai, with more than 15 million people live in Beijing municipality, a province-level administrative unit with 16 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties covering an area of 10,450 square miles.; the city’s urban area has about 13 million residents. 
Beijing is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and motorways passing through the city. It is also the focal point of many international flights to China. Beijing is recognized as the political, educational, and cultural center of the People’s Republic of China.










 Beijing International Airport
Beijing has a long history. As early as 500,000 years ago, ancient “Peking Man” lived at Zhoukoudian 30 miles southwest of Beijing. King Wu was the first to declare Beijing the capital city in 1057 B.C. Established in 1045 B.C., Beijing is an ancient cultural city, serving for 800 years as the capital of the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties.Beijing was also known as Peking by the Western world before 1949. In the early nineteen twenties, Beijing became the cradle of China’s new democratic revolution. The May Fourth Movement against imperialism and feudalism began in 1919. On October 1st, 1949, Chairman Mao announced to the world the founding of the People’s Republic of China.Beijing is also known as a tourist city for its many places of interest, including ancient architecture, royal gardens, mansions, towers, temples, palaces, and modern structures.
The city hosted the 2008 Olympic Games.

 “Peking Man”

 Beijing lies in the north of the North China Plain, at 39.6 N latitude and 116.20 E longitude.
 Total: 16,807.8 sq. km. Mountains and hills occupy 10,147.5, 62 percent of the city’s landmass.
 Temperate semi-humid climate, short spring and autumn, long summer and winter; average temperature: 13 degrees Celsius. Annual rainfall: 539 mm.
 15.38 million
Ethnic Groups
 People of all the 56 ethnic groups in China are found among Beijing residents, including the Han majority and Hui, Manchurian, Mongolian and other minorities.

Administrative Divisions
 Beijing is one of the four municipalities directly under the central government. It is divided into 16 districts and 2 counties: Dongcheng, Xicheng, Chongwen, Xuanwu, Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai, Shijingshan, Mentougou, Fangshan, Tongzhou, Shunyi, Daxing, Pinggu, Changping and Huairou districts, Miyun and Yanqing counties.
Trees and Flowers
 The Chinese scholar-tree and arborvitae and China roses and chrysanthemums have been selected by Beijing residents as representative of the image of Beijing.
External Relations
 As a window for foreign cultural exchanges, Beijing has regular friendly ties with 124 capitals and major cities in 72 countries and has established sister relations with 31 cities in 27 countries. There are 158 foreign embassies, 23 offices of international and regional organizations and 251 offices of foreign news media in Beijing. In addition, over 9,000 foreign representative offices are operating and over 23,000 foreign students are studying in the city.

Beijing’s climate is defined as “continental monsoon.” The four seasons are distinctly recognizable. Spring and autumn is the best time to be in Beijing, particularly in the months of April, May, September and October.
Autumn is considered to be the best time to visit Beijing as the skies are clear and the weather is very comfortable. The four seasons are very clear in Beijing with a temperate spring, rainy summer, clear autumn, and a cold, snowy winter. The average temperature throughout the year is 11.8℃. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of -4.60 and the hottest month is July at an average temperature of 26.10.
Unfortunately, spring and autumn are shorter than summer and winter. Although winter is technically longer, that should not keep you from travelling to Beijing as indoor heating is widely available. Nevertheless, as the indoor/outdoor temperature difference is rather large, travelers should be prepared with warm clothing and a thick coat is recommended for the colder months of the year. In winter, off-season discounts are to be had as well.
The average precipitation in a year is 644 mm. The frost-free period is 180-days.
Beijing Average Temperature
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 
Temperature (Celsius)℃ -4.6 -2.2 4.5 13.1 19.8 24.0 25.8 24.4 19.4 12.4 4.1 -2.7 
Rainfall (cm) 3.0 7.4 8.6 19.4 33.1 77.8 192.5 212.3 57.0 24.0 6.6 2.6 
Days of rainfall 2.0 3.1 4.1 4.6 5.9 9.7 14.1 13.2 6.8 5.0 3.7 1.6

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