August 26, 2009

Shanghai literally means the city by the sea. Shanghai is situated at 31o14′ north latitude and 121° 29’east longitude, on the west shore of the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered on the north and west by Jiangsu Province , on the south by Zhejiang Province, and on the east by the East China Sea . Right in the middle of China’s east coastline.  Shanghai is an excellent sea and river port, boasting easy access to the vast hinterland. Shanghai occupies a total area of 6,341sq.km. with a total resident population of 16,000,000.  The city is divided into two parts by the Huangpu River: Puxi (west of the Huangpu River) and Pudong (east of the Huangpu River). Puxi is the older part of the city and hosts the majority of shops, restaurants and museums. Pudong is the modern part, and is recognized for its rather unusual yet extremely impressive high-rises such as Shanghai’s tallest buildings, the Shanghai International Financial Center, Jinmao Building and the Oriental Pearl TV Tower.
Shanghai is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world.  Located on China’s central eastern coast at the mouth of the Yangtze River, the city is administered as a municipality of the People’s Republic of Chinawith province-level status.
Originally a fishing and textiles town, Shanghai grew to importance in the 19th century due to its favorable port location. The city flourished as a center of commerce between east and west, and became a multinational hub of finance and business since  then.
The city is an emerging tourist destination renowned for its historical landmarks such as the Bund and the Yuyuan Garden, its modern and ever-expanding Pudong skyline including the Oriental Pearl Tower, and its new reputation as a cosmopolitan center of culture and design. Today, Shanghai is the largest center of commerce and finance in mainland China.
On Dec. 3, 2002, Shanghai succeeded in winning the bid for the sponsorship of World Expo 2010.

 

Climate
The best time to visit Shanghai is autumn. The temperature during this period is mild and rain is less likely than in spring and summer.
Shanghai’s weather is moderate (annual average temperature is about 15 degrees centigrade) and the seasons are not as distinct as in the North. Shanghai is characterized by a warm spring, hot summer, cool autumn and cold winter. 
Shanghai receives abundant rainfall and the average annual precipitation is over 1000 cm. The “Plum Flower Rain” season (frequent light rain) is from from mid-June to early July with an average daily rainfall of 259 mm. During July and September, strong storms with torrential rain become frequent. However, it seldom snows in Shanghai.
Shanghai summers are hot and humid. July and August are Shanghai’s hottest months with average highs of 27.4 degrees centigrade.
In winter, January is the coldest month, with a temperature average of 3 degrees centigrade.
All in all, it is best to go prepared with light clothing in summer and warm, heavy clothing in winter. Also, always prepare for rain by keeping an umbrella, but most hotels can equip you with one if needed! 
 
Shanghai Temperature – Average Temperature ( ºC ) 
January February March April May June 
3.3 4.6 8.3 13.8 18.8 23.2 
July August September October November December 
27.9 23.8 23.8 17.9 12.5 6.2

 

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