August 26, 2009

Guangzhou is the capital and a political, economic, and cultural center of Guangdong Province. It is located in the southeast of Guangdong Province and in the north of the Pearl River Delta. It is adjacent to Hong Kong and Macau.  Guangzhou was also known in the West as “Canton”. The food and the language of the area are still known as “Cantonese”, and the airport code is CAN.



The city is famous for foreign trade and business, and holds China’s largest trade fair, the Canton Fair. 

Guangzhou is a famous cultural city with a history of more than 2,200 years. As early as the Chou Period, in the 9th century BC, there were exchanges between the Baiyue people of Guangzhou and the people of the Chu State in the middle reaches of Yangtze River. The name “Chu Ting”, which was the earliest name of Guangzhou, originated in the 33rd year of Emperor Qin Shihuang (214 BC).  Qin unified Lingnan, Nanhai prefecture (the Capital was built at “Panyu”) and in the year of 226, in order to strengthen his rule, Sun Quan divided the original Jiaozhou into two parts- Jiaozhou and Guangzhou, name of Guangzhou was established. When the municipal council was set up in 1921, Guangzhou became the city it is today.
Three feudal dynasties, Nanyue, Nanhan and Nanming, chose Guangzhou as their capital. During the Qin (221 B.C. to 206 B.C) and Han (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) Dynasties, Guangzhou was a prosperous city. It was the earliest trade port in China and was the starting point of the “Silk Road of the Sea” beginning with the Han (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and Tang (A.D. 618 to A.D.907) Dynasties.
The city is also a source of modern Chinese revolution. In this land many historic events took place including the Sanyuanli Struggle against British invaders, the Huanghuagang Uprising against feudalism and the Guangzhou Uprising which established the Guangzhou Commune. Mr. Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary forerunner, set up the Huangpu Military Academy and constituted the political parties three times during his tenure as Chief of State. Comrade Mao Zedong ran the Institute of Peasant Movement training multiple cadres of key revolutionaries.
Guangzhou is the home of many celebrities, especially the great figures of China who have initiated changes the modern history of China, such as Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao, leaders of the Reform Movement of the late Qing Dynasty, Hong Xiuquan, leader of the modern Chinese peasant revolution, and Sun Yat-sen, revolutionary leader who overthrew the rule of the Qing dynasty.
Topography and Climate
The topography is higher in the northeast, lower in the southwest. North and northeast are mountainous area with waters, south is an alluvial plain – the Pearl River Delta. Guangzhou enjoys a subtropical monsoon climate. There is neither intense heat in summer nor severe cold in winter. It enjoys plenty rainfall and evergreen in four seasons. The average temperature is 22.8℃, the average relative humidity is about 68%, and the annual rainfall at the urban area is over 1,600 mm.
The best time to visit Guangzhou is in October and November. Alternatively, April and May are also good months. Guangzhou has a sub-tropical climate with humidity levels at their highest in the summer, so unless you enjoy Turkish steam baths, this is a season to avoid! Typhoon season is from June to September.
The monthly average temperature
Guangzhou Temperature – Average Temperature ( ºC ) 
January February March April May June 
13.4 14.2 17.7 21.8 25.7 27.2 
July August September October November December 
28.3 28.2 27.0 23.8 19.7 15.2

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