September 1, 2009

 

The Great Wall Museum in Jiayuguan City is the first of its kind in China to be devoted to the Great Wall. Built in 1989, the museum showcases the history and culture of the Great Wall in a comprehensive and systematic way. It is a special museum centered along the theme of the Great Wall to demonstrate its history and current status.

 

 

Inside the museum there are seven exhibition halls. The basic part of the exhibitions is divided into four sections: the Great Wall in the spring and Autumn Period and the Warring Period, the Great Wall in Qin Dynasty and Han Dynasty, the Great Wall in Sui, Tang, Liao and Jing Dynasty, and the Great Wall in Ming Dynasty.
The museum concentrates on the central theme of the Great Wall, and uses scale models, diagrams, words and photos over 3000 years of history from the Warring States Period to the Ming Dynasty. The museum provides visitors with an excellent illustration of the past life of this vast, snaking wall.
It tells the visitor the history of the Great Wall over the time of 3,000 years and over the distance of 10,000 li (li is a measurement unit; one li is equal to a half kilometer). It also shows the results of the study on the Great Wall and archaeological findings of the last 50 years.

September 1, 2009

 

Jiayuguan Pass  is the first pass at the west end of the Great Wall of China, near the city of Jiayuguan in Gansuprovince. It has also been called “Jiayuguan Pass”; however, this form is redundant since “guan” means “pass” in Chinese. Along with Juyongguan and Shanhaiguan, it is one of the main passes of the Great Wall.

The pass is located at the narrowest point of the western section of the Hexi Corridor, 6 kilometers southwest of the city of Jiayuguan in Gansu. The structure lies between two hills, one of which is called Jiayuguan Hill. It was built near an oasis that was then on the extreme western edge of China.

The pass is trapezoid-shaped with a perimeter of 733 meters and an area of more than 33,500 square meters. The total length of the city wall is 733 meters and the height is 11 meters. There are two gates: one on the east side of the pass, and the other on the west side. On each gate there is a building. An inscription of “Jiayuguan” in Chinese is written on a tablet at the building at the west gate. The south and north sides of the pass are connected to the Great Wall. There is a turret on each corner of the pass. On the north side, inside the two gates, there are wide roads leading to the top of the pass. Jiayuguan consists of three defense lines: an inner city, an outer city and a moat.

The structure was built during the early Ming dynasty, sometime around the year 1372. The fortress there was greatly strengthened due to fear of an invasion by Timur, but Timur died of old age while leading an army toward China.

September 1, 2009

The Great Wall on the Cliff is a part of the Great Wall and it was built on the cliff with the gradient of 45 degrees. It is high in the air and it looks as if it fell down from the top of the hill. So people refer to this section of the Great Wall as the “Suspended Wall”.

 

 

 

The Suspended Wall, the extension of the walls at the Jiayu Pass towards the north, was an integral part of the ancient defense system at the Jiayu Pass. With the construction was started in 1539, the wall was made of gravel and yellow earth by tamping. It was originally 1.5 km long, but now it is only 750 meters long. It was renovated in 1987 and there are now 3 towers, two at the ends of the wall, and one in the middle.
For the convenience of climbing, steps was built on the wall. Even though, it is still hard for visitor to make it to the top through the 400 steps.

September 1, 2009

 

Jiayuguan is located in the middle part of Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province, which was the gullet of the ancient” Silk Road.” It has a population of 200,000 and a total area of 2,935 square meters.
Jiayuguan is an industrial city flourishing with a large iron & steel production base. People of many different ethnicities, such as Han, Hui, Tibetan, Dongxiang, Yugu, Baoan, Hazake, Tu, Sala, Manchu, and Mongolian, live here. As Jiayuguan is in the warm variable zone, it has an arid climate.

Jiayuguan City, with a history of more than 600 years, is an important city of tourism on the ancient Silk Road. It used to be an important pass in ancient times. In Ming Dynasty, Jiayuguan Pass was built up and the pass was composed of defensive walls, gates and army camps.