August 30, 2009

The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang , is the longest river in China and Asia, and the third-longest in the world, after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa.
The river is about 6,385 km long (3915 mi) and flows from its source in Qinghai Province, eastwards into the East China Sea at Shanghai. It acts as a dividing line between North and South China, although geographers generally consider the Qinling-Huai River line to be the official line of geographical division. As the largest river in the region, the Yangtze is historically, culturally, and economically important to China. One of the dams on the river, the Three Gorges Dam, is the largest hydro-electric power station in the world.

 The Three Gorges on the Yangtze River are Famous for their breathtaking scenery, and are praised as nature’s art gallery and wonderland. Of the three Gorges, the Qutang Gorge is magnificent and precipitous, the Wuxia Gorge is deep and beautiful and the Xiling Gorge has rapids and many rocks. The water in the Mini Three Gorges is clean and both banks are blanketed with trees and have many historical sites, scenic spots and lovely legends. Today, a huge dam is being built along the Three Gorges. After completion, it will offer visitors a new look amidst the precipitous gorges.

 

August 30, 2009

Baidicheng (white King City) lies on the north bank of the Yangtze River and to the east of Fengjie County, guarding the entrance to Qutang Gorge. Over 2000 thousand years ago, it was the founding place of the ancient Ba Kingdom. In Qin (221207 B.C.) and Han (206 B.C. A.D. 220 ) Dynasties, the place was named Yufu County. At the end of Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C.A.D. 24), Gongsun Shu made himself ruler of the State of Shu and moved his capital from Chengdu to Yufu. As the legend goes, Gongsun Shu found a well when building the town. From this well emitted white vapor which he associated with the flying of a white dragon. So he renamed himself the White King and the town Baidicheng (White King City). Because of its scenic beauty, many famous poets of Tang (618907) and Song (960 1279) Dynasties visited the place and left numerous poems. That is why the town is also called the poetic town. On the west and east wings of the White King Temple are 74 stone tablets made since the Sui Dynasty (581 618). They are of great historical value.

 

 

August 30, 2009

 

Qutang Gorge extends from Baidicheng in the west to the town of Daxizhen in the east. It is the shortest but the most magnificent of the Three Gorges. Qutang Gorge is also known as Kuixia Gorge. The broadest part of the gorge is only 150 meters, while the narrowest is less than 100 meters. At the mouth of the gorge stand two perpendicular cliffs facing each other. They look like two giant gates, hence the name Kui Gate or Qutang Pass. It is also the most dangerous and feared part of the Three Gorges.On the north bank of the gorge is Chijia (Red Scale) Mountain, which looks crimson. Opposite it stands the Baiyan (White Salt) Mountain, which bears the color of grayish white. Presenting a sharp color contrast, the two mountains make a marvelous view. In addition to Baidicheng, there are many other scenic spots and places of historical interest in the gorge, such as the peculiar rock called the Monk Hanging by the Feet, the legendary Meng Liang Staircase, the Fengxiang (Bellows) Gorge, an ancient plank road built on the face of a cliff, and the Phoenix Spring, etc.

The Daning River, a 300 kilometer tributary that joins the Yangtze River at the mouth of the Wuxia Gorge, is full of shoals and whirlpools. With precipitous peaks standing on both sides and turbulent currents smashing against the huge rocks, the small gorges are in many ways like those of the Yangtze River Gorges, hence its name the Little Three Gorges. Famous scenic sites are: Longmen Gorge, Bawu Gorge, Dicui Gorge, Miaoxia Gorge, Yezhuxia Gorge. They are now attracting more and more tourist every year.
 Wuxia Gorge
Wuxia Gorge, one of the Three Gorges, stretches from the Daning River Estuary in Chongqing to the Guandukou Estuary in Badong County of Hubei Province. Flanked by craggy peaks and grotesque rocks, it forms a meandering scenic gallery. The beautiful scenes on both banks are too numerous for the eye to take in all at the same timeOn a cruise down the Wuxia Gorge, one can enjoy the beauty of 12 peaks. Six of the the 12 peaks line the northern bank: Shenquan, Jixian, Songluan, Shennu, Chaoyun, and Denglong. Of the other six peaks on the southern bank, only three are visible: Juhe, Cuiping, and Feilong. The other three: Jingtan, Qiyun, and Shangsheng are hidden behind the peaks on the right of the Qingshixi Stream, a tributary of Yangtse River. All the peaks derived their names from their different shapes. Changing with the seasons and weather, these beautiful scenes have everlasting appeal to tourists.
Xiling Gorge
The Xiling Gorge is one of the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River. It is 76 kilometers long, stretching from the Xiangxi stream to Nanjin Pass in Yichang. It is the longest and most difficult one of the three gorges to pass on the Yangtze River. Its channel is full of shoals, whirling pools and submerged reefs, making the water run in different directions. Tourist attractions include the Book on Art of War and Sword Gorge, the Cattle Liver and Horse Lung Gorge, the Lamp Shadow Gorge, the Black Shoal and the Discharge Water Shoal.
Gezhouba Dam
Gezhouba Water Conservancy ProjectLocated on the Yangtze River north of Yichang City, Gezhouba Water Conservancy Project is then 2nd biggest dam on the Yangtze River. It is also the largest hydroelectric power station in the country. The first phase of the project started in 1970, and in 1988 the second phase of the project finished. The Gezhouba dam is 2,606 meters long, and 70 meters high, with a capacity of 271.5 kilo watt.

 

 

August 30, 2009

:Shibaozhai, Literally means Stone Treasure Fortress, Located in ZhongCounty,at the south bank of the Yangtze River, 278 km away from Chongqing,One of the Yangtze”s spectacular sites, a 12-storey wooden pagoda built against the side of a sheer rectangular cliff, is truly a magnificent structure. Over 400 years old, it has appropriately been named the “Pearl of the Yangtze”.
Fengdu is a tourist attraction on the northern bank of the Yangtse River 170 km from the east of Chongqing. Fungdu is famous for its “Ghost City” well known in China. It is a must- shore excursion site on the Yangtze cruise. In Fengdu, many historical sites are linked with the ghost culture. Fengdu’s ghost culture has attracted a large number of tourists, which has topped more than 1 million a year.

 

August 30, 2009

Shen Nong Stream is a tributary of the Yangtze River, located in the Hubei Province of central China. Originally the Shen Nong Stream watercourse consisted of a wild river traversing a tortuous alignment flanked by almost vertical limestone cliffs; however, since the beginning of the construction of the Three Gorges Dam downstream on the Yangtze, the water level has risen approximately 155 meters at the mouth of Shen Nong Stream.(Jin, 2006) The lower reaches of the Shen Nong Stream are presently a torpidly flowing river, most of whose previously scenic vertical gorge is now submerged. Shen Nong Stream is also known by its Chinese name of “Shen Nong Xi”.